Me being a skincare junkie, I would like to share and clarify all the hullabaloo around skincare acids. We get frightened sometime at the thought of using acids on our skin. But trust me, these acids are not harmful to your skin. All facial acids have their own set of skin benefits. But to find one suitable for your skin type and concerning issues, is like a nose dive into the sea.
The Alpha-Hydroxy acids (AHAs) like glycolic or lactic acids or Beta-Hydroxy acids (BHAs) like salicylic are increasingly finding their way into toners and serums and also as stand-alone exfoliators. Serums which have Hyaluronic acid as an ingredient generally have derivatives of HA which are barely acidic and are supposed to increase hydration level by penetrating deeper into the skin. Get on the bandwagon with me if you are lagging behind. May be you all can refer this guide if you all are looking for a product to catch up on a skincare label.
Basics of skincare acids
By now, you must know that facial acids are skincare ingredients, widely used for exfoliation and known for topically improving the skin texture. These are further classified into two categories – AHAs and BHAs. You must have noticed the composition in acids which has mostly Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs) on skincare labels.
Difference between skincare acids AHAs and BHAs
AHAs – AHAs are water-soluble acids that work on the skin as excellent exfoliators. These acids work well on the skin surface to exfoliate the outer layer of cells to reveal the new and regenerated skin which is brighter and healthy in appearance.
BHAs – Known to penetrate deep into the layers of skin, BHAs bind themselves to skin’s sebum and oil to remove excess of it and break down those layers of dead cells on your skin. BHAs are good at controlling and preventing acne.
Some of the well knows skincare acids
One of the most popular remedies for acne, Salicylic acid has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that relieve clogged pores and reduce bacterial growth. All this without further aggravating the already inflamed skin. It is suitable to use for acne prone oily skin. Skin concerns like blackheads can be prevented by using this acid.
Hyaluronic acid is a humectant which means it attracts moisture from the air. How cool is that! It also helps strengthen our skin’s barrier and gifts us supple, soft and well-hydrated skin.
This AHA is used to gently dissolve the dead skin and exfoliate it. Being a gentler exfoliator than a usual scrub, this skin acid can promote cell production and brighten the skin. The benefits of glycolic acid can be reaped by anyone. It is great for people with acne prone and oily skin.
Lactic acid is abundantly found in milk. A hydrating agent, lactic acid is known for its moisturizing properties. Lactic acid is very effective even for sensitive skin. Anybody with rough, dry and flaky skin can use lactic acid in their skincare.
Best ways to use these acids on your skin
- Cleanse your face even if you’re not wearing any make-up.This will prevent any chances of reactions and let the product sink well into your skin.
- The right way to apply the product is to hold the dropper away from your skin to not pick up germs and impurities from your face and contaminate the entire product.
- In order to know if the product is safe for your skin, do a patch test first before going in deep. Apply a drop of the product at the back of your hand. If you see no problematic symptoms in 24-48 hours, you’re good to go.